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Wayne Millner Jersey For Sale

Mike Munchak didn’t have a front-row seat for the revolution. But he could still feel the earth move under his feet every stinking summer.

As a player, Munchak watched — and groaned — as NFL playbooks in the 1980s ballooned in girth from the size of a Sears Wish Book (this was a thing, kids, the Amazon of its day) at the start of the decade to a beast more akin to Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary (that too was a thing), by the end of it.

“When I played, perhaps on first and second down, I played against one guy and on third down I saw another guy, and that’s it,” chuckles the Broncos’ offensive line coach, whose Hall of Fame career was spent as a left guard with the then-Houston Oilers from 1982-1993.

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“Defenses just didn’t do as much stuff. Everyone wasn’t trying to out-trick each other. It was more of, we just lined up and played. So mentally, it was a lot easier.”

Only not for long. After his sixth season, zone blitz defensive concepts introduced to the league by former Dolphins defensive coordinator Bill Arnsparger in the ‘60s and ‘70s had been cranked up to 11 by Dick LeBeau in Cincinnati and Pittsburgh. The “fire zone” was all the rage, and offensive coordinators were compelled to counter with chess moves of their own.

“We were playing the run-and-shoot, so we saw all kinds of crap,” Munchak laughs, “and it just kind of evolved from there.”

By the time the Broncos were birthed in 1960, Paul Brown was the Bill Belichick and Nick Saban of his day — two steps ahead of the curve, admired in some circles, despised in others, and consistently kicking the holy stuffing out of his peers.

When the old AFC launched in 1960, Brown had already won four high-school national crowns, an NCAA title at Ohio State, and a combined seven pro football championships with the Cleveland Browns in the AAFC (four) and the NFL (three). What Enrico Fermi was to the atom, Brown was to the gridiron: a pioneering ninja who more or less invented the face mask, the draw play, the practice squad, full-time assistants, detailed film study — and the playbook as we know it.

“Before Paul Brown’s time, a lot of the head coaches let their quarterbacks call the plays,” notes Jon Kendle, director of archives and football information at the Pro Football Hall of Fame. “Paul Brown was the type who wanted to call his own plays. Before radio receivers were invented — also by Brown — he used messenger guards, so he was always rotating guards, sending with the guard the play he wanted to run.”

As archivist at the Hall, Kendle is the keeper of the NFL’s most sacred scrolls. Among the most sacred is a collection of 8.5-by-12 inch graph paper that Brown used to detail plays with Cleveland in 1954.

He treated football as an academic pursuit, seeing himself as an instructor, and the players as pupils. Which is where the playbook as we know it really comes to pass, as Brown had required his savants during lectures to copy the plays he’d devised on the board into spiral notebooks, even going so far as to collect said notebooks and check their work at the end of the season.

“Brown wanted to put his stamp on everything that the team was doing,” Kendle says, “not (giving) them any room for error, or to manipulate those plays. ‘This play, it’s in the playbook, we’re going to study it, we’re going to write it out on the chalkboard in the meeting room and once you have a full grasp of it, mentally, then we’ll execute it.’”

To be clear, there were playbooks — of a sort — before Brown drop-kicked the NFL into the modern age after World War II. Although, technically, they were more sheets or cards than actual books, and before Brown an NFL team might only have a handful of copies around. If they were lucky.

When Wayne Millner was coaching the Philadelphia Eagles in 1951, to cite an example, one of his young charges was a kid named Bud Grant. On the occasions the future Minnesota Vikings coach or his teammates would have a question about a play, Grant recalled to the Minneapolis Star Tribune, they had to sidle over to Millner, who would then “reach into his back pocket, unfold the playbook and look it up.”

We’ve come a long way, baby.

“It’s pretty much all done electronically now, which is nice, because you can not only go to a playbook, but you can pan back and forth between film,” Broncos rookie quarterback Brett Rypien says. “Which you couldn’t probably do (before).”

The Broncos joined the cutting-edge club roughly seven years ago. Instead of printing out and binding more than 120 copies of a traditional paper playbook, they dumped a 500-page binder in 2012 in favor of a fleet of iPads that featured tech provided by PlayerLync, a video software operation headquartered at the Denver Tech Center.

Since then, nearly half the NFL has adopted the same PlayerLync software, which provides not only playbooks — along with video breakdowns of said plays, all available at the push of a thumb or swipe of a finger — but also team schedules and other pertinent communication. The players can see the schematics of a play, then tap to open up videos of that play against a variety of opposing fronts.

“Now as coaches, we can overload them,” Munchak says. “For those guys, everything for them is so much easier to carry. And it’s good, because it’s more efficient — they have access to a lot more (data) than they had in the past. They can take it home with them, have it with them, they can practice with them, so there are a lot of pluses to it.

“Now, not everyone’s going to look at it. But some guys do appreciate (the convenience).”

While players are issued an iPad upon signing, it’s essentially a rental — the tablet must be returned if a player is cut, traded or leaves the franchise. As a failsafe, the software can be wiped remotely if the iPad isn’t given back immediately.

“I think it can be a little bit intimidating,” Rypien says. “You’ve got to know the looks, you’ve got to know when to get out of a bad play; you’ve got to know how you’re going to get into a good play. If you haven’t repped that stuff and you haven’t got that muscle memory, I think it is a little bit difficult.”

Rypien and fellow rookie quarterback Drew Lock crammed together during OTAs, quizzing each other on the finer points of Rich Scangarello’s system. For Rypien, who ran pro-style sets at Boise State, much of it was old hat. For Lock, who worked primarily out of the shotgun and spread formations at Missouri, a lot of it felt like learning a new language.

“Working together like that I think really helped us,” Rypien says. “And I think we’re definitely further along than we would be if you were going through that by yourself.”

* * *

If Brown were still teaching today, Kendle says, he thinks the NFL icon would be at the front of the line on innovations such as virtual reality goggles, the kind Buccaneers coach Bruce Arians introduced to quarterback Carson Palmer in Arizona a few years ago and, once he’d landed in Tampa Bay, pushed into the path of his new signal-caller, Jameis Winston.

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“It’s totally changed,” says Larry Kennan, a former CU assistant and an NFL veteran who worked on the staffs of six NFL franchises, including the Broncos, from 1982-97. “What’s interesting is, that every (NFL) coaching staff has about 20-22 guys (now) and they have all the computer stuff — it’s so much more advanced (compared) to what it used to be. It used to be, we had 10 guys on the staff, we didn’t have a computer, we just used hand-to-hand stuff.”

He laughs.

“And it worked about the same as it does now.”

Munchak still prefers the hand-to-hand stuff, to be honest — even though he’s got one of those nifty Broncos iPads, too, always within arm’s reach.

“It’s just (about) adapting to that,” he says. “That’s the hard part for me. I’m more, ‘I want to see the paper, I wanted to see the hard copy.’ I’m still the same way with stuff you get through the mail. People want to send me stuff that somebody’s scanned. I go, ‘Hey, I want some paper, send me a copy.’

“I like putting my stamps on stuff. It only feels real when I write it out. I feel the pain of paying the bill, you know? I think you feel it when you write it out.”

Ainsley Battles Jersey For Sale

BALTIMORE — Four-month-old Ainsley Cardente smiles, enjoys “helicopter” rides from her mom and protests when lunch is late. Perfectly ordinary, all of it. And her life is expected to remain that way thanks to a $2.1 million drug recently infused into her little body by doctors from Johns Hopkins Hospital.

Ainsley was born with a rare genetic disorder called spinal muscular atrophy, or SMA, that kills most babies by age 2. Rarely, there are less severe versions like the one that afflicts Ainsley that lead to a slower but still catastrophic decline.

“She’ll never be in a wheelchair; she’ll never feel like a sick person,” said Kate Cardente, Ainsley’s mother, a physician assistant from the Annapolis suburb of Arnold. “She’ll never remember it.”

But Ainsley almost didn’t get the medicine known as Zolgensma. On the market since May, it’s the nation’s most expensive prescription drug and the Cardentes’ insurer initially refused to cover the cost. So Cardente and her husband, David, fought to get it approved. A letter from Ainsley’s doctor at Johns Hopkins Hospital, a top SMA expert, helped win coverage.

“We have a lot to be thankful for this year,” Cardente said at a Johns Hopkins outpatient center in Dundalk as a line pumped the drug into Ainsley’s foot over about an hour.

But the emotional and potential financial burden is likely familiar to many families without the ability to pay out of pocket for necessary drugs. As more gene therapies and other innovative — and ultra-expensive — treatments are approved in coming years, such challenges are likely to become more common even as they engender hope.

“Ainsley is going to be normal, and, oh my God, that is so great,” said Dr. Tom Crawford, the Hopkins pediatric neurologist who treats Ainsley and every baby with SMA in the region. “This is a new world, but society is going to have to figure out how to pay.”

Congress is grappling now with how to bring down the cost of pharmaceuticals, a principal issue for the late U.S. Rep. Elijah Cummings. Drug companies say some of the sky-high costs are due to research and development of novel, life-saving drugs aimed at small numbers of patients. But other older, widely used drugs also have jumped in cost.

In a report last April, Cummings, the Baltimore Democrat who chaired the House Oversight and Reform Committee, highlighted the significant difference in the cost of the diabetes drug insulin in the United States compared with other countries. He said that led some patients to ration their life-saving medication.

Spinal muscular atrophy is a neuromuscular disorder that leads to progressive muscle weakness, paralysis and most often death. It’s caused by the absence of a gene that produces a critical protein needed to preserve motor neurons. Without it, those neurons rapidly die.

AveXis, the Illinois-based biotech company that developed Zolgensma, notes that its cost is lower than the lifetime cost of the other main treatment for the disease, which can exceed $4 million over a decade. Biogen’s Spinraza was approved in 2016 by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration but requires regular and costly spinal injections to stem deterioration.

Zolgensma, approved for children under age 2, works by replacing the missing or nonworking gene permanently with one dose.

“AveXis recognizes the burden and emotional toll of SMA and the urgency” for treatment before neurons die, the company said in a statement to The Baltimore Sun.

“Our goal is to support access for patients who need this one-time gene therapy, and we’re pleased each time a child is approved for treatment with Zolgensma,” the statement said. “As a single, one-time intravenous infusion designed to provide long-term benefit, Zolgensma’s price reflects the long-term value it brings to SMA patients, families and the healthcare system.”

The company said 90% of commercial insurance patients and 30% of government-funded Medicaid patients are now covered. Including patients in clinical trials, about 100 children around the country have been treated so far. About 450 to 500 infants in the United States are affected by SMA a year.

The medicine’s stunning price got something of an endorsement recently by the independent watchdog group Institute for Clinical and Economic Review. The group’s analysis determined its cost was “actually fairly aligned with how well the treatment both extends and improves patients’ lives,” said David Whitrap, a spokesman for the institute.

He said Novartis, which acquired AveXis, initially suggested it would price Zolgensma at $4 million but then offered it for the $2.1 million.

“This is a potential cure for an always-fatal childhood disease, and therefore it is precisely the kind of swing-for-the-fences innovation that the U.S. health system should incentivize and reward,” Whitrap said.

He warned, however, the price means patients and their insurers will have to stop paying “far too much for all the other drugs that do far too little for patients.” He also said the market should not wrongly translate its support for Zolgensma’s cost as endorsement of the price for all gene therapies.

That’s the “absolute wrong takeaway” considering 20 new such therapies are expected in the next five years, he said. Each should be evaluated individually.

Ainsley’s insurer initially said she was not sick enough. She is one of the rare SMA cases with four copies of a backup gene that lessens the disease’s severity. Babies with fewer copies generally die quickly, while those with more copies deteriorate more slowly. Ainsley likely would have been in a wheelchair in grade school.

Researchers initially thought those with four gene copies might never develop symptoms and be treated unnecessarily, but Crawford said they now believe that is a “vanishing concern” and the risks of delaying treatment are too high.

Crawford smiled as he watched a staff of nurses and others tend to Ainsley last month. They loaded a large syringe with the drug, which had been delivered by special courier from a manufacturing plant near Chicago in a small box, which was later presented to the Cardentes with a bow.

Ainsley sat on her mother’s lap in a Hopkins-issued onesie unmoved by the momentousness of the day.

Five to eight SMA cases are identified in Maryland a year, and two-thirds of the children would die without treatment. Over the last quarter century, Crawford says he attended dozens of those deaths from what was known as “the most hopeless disease in pediatrics.”

On this day, however, he marveled at no longer being “a hospice doctor.” Beyond a small amount of treatable liver damage, he expects Ainsley to do normal things like go to school and prom and have a career and a family.

She was the second baby for whom Crawford secured approval to treat with Zolgensma, and he is unsure of the battles ahead. He still doesn’t know why Ainsley’s rejection was reversed in December by the insurer, a federal insurance program used by the U.S. Department of Defense, where David Cardente is an auditor.

CareFirst BlueCross BlueShield administers the Federal Employee Program for the government and made the initial decision to decline coverage, as well as the decision to reverse. CareFirst BlueCross BlueShield officials declined to comment for this article.

In addition to the case made by the doctor, the Cardentes turned to others, including the offices of Maryland Attorney General Brian Frosh, U.S. Sen. Chris Van Hollen of Maryland, Maryland Health Secretary Robert Neall and The Baltimore Sun.

Frosh’s office offers free consumer services to those with billing and other disputes with health care providers. Sometimes consumers can’t get into a clinical trial or they are denied a transplant. Increasingly, people have disputes over drug coverage.

The Health Education and Advocacy Unit in Frosh’s office works with state insurance regulators and can refer matters for criminal or civil reviews. Agents handle about 2,000 complaints a year, including about 700 appeals. Among those denied treatment, the office claims a 50% rate of reversals, amounting to millions of dollars in covered costs each year.

Kim Cammarata, the unit’s director, said residents have rights in state law and through the federal Affordable Care Act that include insurer appeals and outside reviews.

“No doubt, it can be hard to navigate the system,” she said. “Some issues may seem mundane, but every time you’re dealing with a consumer it’s important. It’s their drug or procedure. In the Cardentes’ case, it saved the baby’s life.”

There are several measures in Congress to address the cost of drugs that have various levels of support. One would allow Medicare, the government health program for seniors, to negotiate drug prices. One from Van Hollen, called the “We Paid Act,” would limit prices of drugs that were based on federally funded research.

A study published last year in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences found that all 210 FDA-approved drugs from 2010 to 2016 were based on taxpayer-backed discoveries. Such a law might have applied to Zolgensma because the drug company researchers received millions in federal grants as well as charitable donations, according to KEI, a nonprofit that tracks funding.

It’s unclear whether any measure might pass Congress and be signed by President Donald Trump, but Van Hollen said it’s imperative given how many families face high prescription drug costs.

“Whether it’s a daily need like insulin or a specialized treatment like what the Cardente family required, American families should be able to afford the medicines they depend on,” the Democrat said.

Dr. Margaret Moon is chief medical officer for the Hopkins Children’s Center and on the faculty at the Hopkins Berman Institute of Bioethics. She said there are questions about how society should pay for expensive treatments and health care generally.

“People are freaked out about spending $2 million to save one child’s life, but think of all the money spent at the end of a life when the body has shut down,” she said. “We allow health care in this country to be outrageously expensive.”

Americans have decided as a society they do not want to ration health care, she said. But not everyone can pay, and there aren’t always government or charitable programs to cover costs, even when the treatments are life-saving, like chemotherapy, she said.

Physicians and administrators at Hopkins spend a lot of time deciding how to provide as much care as possible to patients without exposing the hospital to too much risk that it won’t be reimbursed, Moon said. When Spinraza was approved for SMA, for example, the hospital would ask the drugmaker to supply a first dose to a child as they worked out insurance payments for more. That wasn’t possible with the one-dose, $2 million Zolgensma.

Medical advances continually push the hospital to find ways to cover the costs, she said.

“Sometimes we’re stuck with unanswerable questions,” Moon said.

Ainsley is doing well now, even rolling over from back to front and sometimes front to back. The Cardentes said they’d like to figure out a way to help other families. Kate Cardente said that might mean just telling them how they advocated for Ainsley.

“There really isn’t a blueprint for the next family,” she said. “I’m just so glad we got our miracle day.”

Jim Leonard Jersey For Sale

“We have four daughters together. I didn’t sign up to do this alone,” exclaims Teresa.

On Wednesday’s episode of “The Real Housewives of New Jersey,” Teresa Giudice learned that Joe Giudice’s first appeal in his deportation case had been denied.

The Giudice family attorney, Jim Leonard, stopped by the house to discuss the next steps with Teresa. She wanted her brother, Joe Gorga, there to help her “understand everything.”

“I feel like I’m just so numb,” she told Jim as they waited for Joe to arrive. “I feel like I can’t even believe this is happening.

Once Joe got there, Teresa caught him up to speed. Joe asked if the girls knew. Teresa said she told Gia, who was “so upset.” She also told Gabriella so “Gia’s not the only one who has to deal with this.” She hadn’t told the youngest, Audriana, who earlier in the episode cried as she struggled to remember memories of her dad and family vacations while they sorted through old photos together. Tre also hadn’t told Milania, the most sensitive of the bunch.

“You better tell her,” Joe urged. “Don’t let her hear it from somebody else.”

Melissa Doesn’t Think Giudices Will Stay Married
“I don’t want speak too loud,” Jim said as he looked around and lowered his voice, “but he’s in trouble. His immigration lawyers made the arguments to the lower courts, and the courts have denied it very aggressively. I mean, they blew up every single argument. So the next step is the other appeal, the third circuit, and saying, ‘Please, the lower courts have made mistakes.’”

“It could take months,” he went on. “We have to start the whole process all over again. But the problem is, this is his last chance, and you’re not bringing forward new information. So I think the odds are against Joe at this stage. Immigration is the hottest topic on the planet, and I think Joe is caught in the crossfire of that.”

A stunned Teresa sat silently as Joe asked, “What’s his percentage of coming home?”

“It’s not good right now,” Jim confessed, as a still-hopeful Joe asked, “50, 30, 10 percent?”

“Given what we learned this morning,” Jim lamented, “significantly less.”

Teresa’s eyes welled up as her brother leaned in to give her a hug. “I feel helpless,” she said. “I want him to come home. We have four daughters together. I didn’t sign up to do this alone. Joe was calling me, and he’s like, ‘I’m sorry I let you guys down. I’m sorry.’”

“He’s scared,” Jim said, but Teresa said she was “scared, too.”

“Let me ask a serious question here,” Joe interjected, looking at his sister. “Why continue to fight? You’re burying yourself financially.” Teresa said their daughters wanted him to fight. “Yeah, but when there’s no money,” Joe warned, “it’s that much harder. You know that, right? So for your future, your daughters, your everything — to keep going? You have to think now as a business person that he’s not coming home. Sometimes, you have to understand, ‘It’s not going anywhere. I might have to move on.’”

“I understand what my brother’s saying,” Tre later told the camera, “but I’ve been through financial strain before. I had to pay back taxes, I had to pay off all our debts, so how can I put a price tag on my daughters having their daddy home?”

RHONJ Recap: Margaret Jokes About Teresa Liking Younger Men, Jackie Has Rough Start to Jamaica Trip
Earlier in the episode, while the ladies were still in Jamaica, the topic of Danielle Staub’s short-lived marriage to Marty Caffrey came up in conversation. Teresa blurted out that the two recently “had sex.” Margaret Josephs didn’t believe it and called Danielle “pathological.”

“I was on the phone with her, and she was like, ‘Hi, sweetheart,’” Tre recalled, asking Margaret, “What’s the point of lying?”

Dolores Catania, who hates Danielle almost as much as Margaret does, interjected, “All her lies doesn’t negate the fact that she slept with him.” Margaret said she believed Danielle “tried to have sex with him as her last-stitch effort to get the house.”

In her confessional, the Marge claimed Danielle and Marty were still living together in Marty’s home. “According to the terms of their divorce,” she said, “she has to buy him out of the house — over $2 million — or get the hell out.”

Melissa Gorga wanted to know if Marty would tell Margaret the truth about the situation. Margaret said he’d tell her husband, Joe, so they called up Mr. Benigno. Unfortunately, he didn’t answer, so the women suggested she “just call Marty.”

“I’m with the girls, and it seems like Danielle is spreading rumors that you and her are banging,” Margaret said to Marty, who replied, “What?! She’s gotta come up with the money on my house, so that’s where her game is.”

“So is that a no?” Jennifer Aydin asked. “I didn’t hear a definite no.” After Margaret hung up, the ladies were in agreement that they thought Marty was lying. “A stiff dick has no conscious,” Dolores noted. “One p—y can pull a freight train.”Jim Leonard Jersey For Sale

As all this was going on, Danielle called Teresa, who was petrified to answer because she thought she would be “in trouble.” She was. Danielle told Tre she was upset she told the girls her business and hung up on her. Teresa was concerned she had hurt Danielle’s feelings, but Margaret cavalierly asked, “Who gives a f–k?”

Howard Twilley Jersey For Sale

The University of Tulsa has a proud football history. The Golden Hurricane was nationally relevant in the 1940s and the 1960s, and TU occasionally still rears its head to remind the nation that there are more than two major-college teams in Oklahoma.

OSU plays at Tulsa on Saturday, and here’s a primer on TU football history:

Conference titles: Steve Kragthorpe’s 2005 team and Bill Blankenship’s 2012 team each won Conference USA, beating Central Florida in title games. Tulsa also won 19 outright Missouri Valley championships and tied for six others. Tulsa was in the Oklahoma Collegiate Conference from 1914-28 and won five titles, and Tulsa was in the Big Four Conference from 1929-32, winning the league all four years. Tulsa played in the Valley from 1935-85, then was an independent until joining the Western Athletic Conference in 1996. In 2005, TU jumped to Conference USA, then joined the American Conference in 2014.

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Bowl history: Tulsa played in three straight major bowl games, 1942-44 seasons, and bookended those with the Sun Bowl (1941) and the Oil Bowl (1945). Tulsa lost to Tennessee 14-7 and Georgia Tech 20-18 in back-to-back Sugars but beat Georgia Tech 26-12 in the Orange Bowl (1944 season). TU is 10-11 in bowl games. Tulsa is 6-4 in bowls in the 2000s, with some notable results – victories of 55-10 over Central Michigan (2016 Miami Beach Bowl), 31-17 over Iowa State (2012 Liberty), 62-35 over Hawaii (Hawaii Bowl), 45-13 over Ball State (GMAC Bowl) and 63-7 over Bowling Green (GMAC), plus losses of 55-52 to Virginia Tech (Independence) and 24-21 to Brigham Young (24-21).

Best team: 1942. It was the World War II era, but in ’42, many players remained on college campuses. College football really became depleted starting in 1943. In 1942, Tulsa shut out its first six opponents and finished 10-0 before losing to Tennessee in the Sugar Bowl. The Glenn Dobbs-led team beat OU 23-0 and Oklahoma A&M 34-6.

Greatest player: TU has had three consensus all-Americans – center Rudy Prochaska in 1934, receiver Howard Twilley in 1965 and offensive lineman Jerry Ostroski in 1991 – but its greatest player was Glenn Dobbs. The single-wing tailback from Frederick was a passer and punter extraordinaire. He later became TU’s head coach.

Arch-rival: OSU. Saturday, the Cowboys become Tulsa’s most-played rival. TU has played Arkansas 73 times, but trails the series 54-16-3. The Golden Hurricane and the Razorbacks have played just four times since 1993. This will be the 74th meeting between OSU and Tulsa. The Cowboys lead the series 41-27-5. The rivalry has taken extended breaks; no games between 1965 and 1976, only four games since 2000, but counting Saturday, they play 11 of the next 13 years.

Greatest win: On October 30, 2010, Tulsa won 28-27 at Notre Dame. Shawn Jackson returned an interception 66 yards for a touchdown, Damarius Johnson returned a punt 59 yards for a touchdown, Kevin Fitzpatrick kicked a go-ahead field goal with 3:23 left in the game and John Flanders intercepted a Fighting Irish pass in the end zone with 36 seconds left in the game. Tulsa has beaten OU five times, but beating Notre Dame tops them all.

Greatest coach: Henry Frnka went 40-9-1 in five seasons, 1941-45, before leaving to coach Tulane.

NFL legacy: Pro Football Hall of Famer Steve Largent played at Tulsa in the 1970s, as did Drew Pearson, the leading receiver for Tom Landry’s 30 years as the Dallas Cowboys coach. Hall of Fame general manager Jim Finks also played at TU.

Biggest upset: Tulsa shocked 15th-ranked Texas A&M 35-34 in 1991, but TU’s biggest shocker came on September 25, 1971, when the Hurricane beat seventh-ranked Arkansas 21-20 after entering the fourth quarter trailing 20-0. That was not a great TU team; it finished 4-7. But quarterback Todd Starks threw three fourth-quarter touchdown passes, outdueling Razorback star Joe Ferguson.

Stadium: Skelly Stadium opened in 1930 and had a capacity of 40,385. A major renovation in 2008 came with the rebranding to H.A. Chapman Stadium and reduced capacity to 30,000.

Historical importance: TU was on the cutting edge of the passing revolution almost 60 years ago. Tulsa led the nation in passing for five straight years, 1960-64, and in ’64 quarterback Jerry Rhome and receiver Howard Twilley led a unit that broke 20 NCAA records. Rhome and Twilley were back-to-back Heisman runnersup, in 1964-65.

Career rushing leaders: D’Angelo Brewer, 2014-17, has the TU record, with 3,917 rushing yards. The most impressive Tulsa rushers, though, were Michael Gunter and Len Lacy, who were teammates from 1980-82, with Lacy also playing in 1979 and Gunter in 1983. Gunter finished with 3,536 rushing yards, third all-time, and Lacy had 2,272 rushing yards, seventh all-time.

Career passing leaders: Of all the big-time throwers in Tulsa history – Rhome and Billy Guy Anderson in the ‘60s, Jeb Blount in the ‘70s, T.J. Rubley in the ‘80s-‘90s, Gus Frerotte in the ‘90s – the career passing leader is Dane Evans, who played four years, 2013-16, and threw for 11,680 yards.

(Story continued below…)
Career receiving yards: 54 years after Twilley’s final season, he remains the all-time TU leader in catches (261), receiving yards (3,343) and touchdown catches (32).

Famous alum: Susan Eloise Hinton, whose pen name is S.E. Hinton, became renowned for her young-adult novels like The Outsiders and That Was Then, This Is Now. Hinton wrote The Outsiders as a high school student in Tulsa.

David Bruton Jersey For Sale

AURORA, Colo — Nearly every NFL player will tell you about the dream that began in childhood.

Not many will tell you about the dream of playing football and then going into the medical field — but David Bruton Jr. will.

“It’s something I loved being around as a kid,” Bruton said. “Getting PT on my hip flexors and just building that relationship with the physical therapist because you see them day in day out.”

Bruton is part of the class of 2021, pursuing a doctorate degree in physical therapy at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus. His next dream is to graduate and open a clinic with a focus on youth concussion recovery.

Once a pre-med student at Notre Dame University, Bruton changed his major to political science and sociology, then he was drafted by the Denver Broncos.

As a strong safety and captain of special teams, Bruton enjoyed a lot of success and a Super Bowl victory. He also suffered a dislocated shoulder, a broken leg, broken ribs and a few concussions. After several years in the league, he knew when it was time to move on.

“Football’s given me the chance to provide for my family, continue to play the game I love and learn things that I can take into the next profession and help other people outside the family,” Bruton said.

Bruton is looking forward to achieving this dream. While he loved playing football at the highest level, he believes the reward will be greater in this next career, where he can help others get back to functioning at a high level to improve their own lives.

Assistant Professor Amy McDevitt considers him the ideal student because of his intellectual abilities and his previous life experience in the NFL.

“Before he was the patient and he was receiving the treatment, receiving the therapy,” McDevitt said. “And now he really gets to exercise his mind and apply his anatomy and apply his communication skills.”

In many ways, the current chapter of David Bruton, Jr.’s, life runs counter to his first career as a strong safety and Super Bowl 50 winner in the National Football League.

Where he once suited up in raucous NFL stadiums, Bruton now practices massage techniques in serene settings. Where he played a violent game on rapid-fire instinct, he now takes a thoughtful, analytical approach to evaluating the varying needs of each individual. Where his former employer, the Denver Broncos, expected him to dish out punishment, Bruton’s new mission is to become a licensed physical therapist so he can relieve pain and help young athletes get back in the game.

Bruton spent two years completing prerequisites at CU Denver and is now in the second semester of the Doctor of Physical Therapy Program in the CU School of Medicine. The 32-year-old Ohio native played for the Denver Broncos and a final season with the Washington Redskins; the eight-year span was four times longer than the average NFL career.

David Bruton talking with a classmate

David Bruton enjoys a conversation with a classmate while eating lunch at the start of one of his physical therapy courses in Education 2.
“The NFL stands for Not For Long, so I definitely had a good run at it,” said Bruton, who played collegiately at Notre Dame. “I know in the grand scheme of things, life is a lot more than just between the lines on a football field. I have my family, my dreams and aspirations. Now I’m on to the next chapter.”

‘Seeing what his body has gone through’
Bruton frequently volunteers to be the “patient” in class or lab – offering up his shoulders or triceps for exam and evaluation, for example.

Michael “Mac” Mundie, a longtime classmate of Bruton’s, enjoys having the former pro athlete in the 69-member PT cohort. “It’s definitely interesting working with him – just seeing what his body has gone through in all those years with the Broncos. It makes labs more interesting,” he said.

Bruton sat down with CU Anschutz Today for an interview in Education 2, his home away from home these days.

Today: Your physical therapy program at CU Anschutz is a departure from playing football. Did you have a turning point where you realized you wanted to retire from pro football and pursue a new career?

DB: In high school, I thought about becoming a physical therapist. Having multiple encounters with different PTs throughout my football career … kind of drove it home. I definitely had my share of concussions … I don’t remember having them at all. The last concussion (with the Redskins) was definitely like an ‘a-ha’ moment. I realized I have so much more to look forward to … and I didn’t want to worry about hurting myself to the point where I couldn’t pursue another career.

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WINDERMERE, Fla. – UCF men’s coach Bryce Wallor crunched the numbers Monday evening before Tuesday’s final round of the Tavistock Collegiate Invitational and was blown away by his team’s performance on the greens.

The four counting Knights holed more than 800 feet of putts in Round 2 as UCF, the No. 72-ranked team in Golfstat entering the week, led a star-studded field by 17 shots through two rounds at Isleworth.

“Out of this world,” Wallor said. “… Those putters were red hot.”

Not even a fiery Isleworth, some diabolical pins and a challenging pack that included undefeated Texas Tech could cool off the Knights. UCF closed in 1 over Tuesday, but it was more than enough to win by 14 shots over runner-up LSU. The victory marked the first for UCF at its home tournament.

Full-field scores from the Tavistock Collegiate Invitational

The Knights, who finished at 20 under and led the field with 57 birdies, were led by sophomore Johnny Travale, who carded seven of his tournament-leading 17 birdies in a final-round, 6-under 66. He needed to make a 5-footer for bogey at the par-4 finishing hole Tuesday to finish at 12 under, a shot clear of LSU’s Trey Winstead.

Wallor called Travale, who transferred from Kent State this year, a “game-changer for our program” and said the sophomore is a mainstay at the team’s practice facility at Twin Rivers Golf Club in nearby Oviedo. “He’s always there,” Wallor said. For Travale, he’s just enjoying the practice-friendly weather.

“I’m really happy where I’m at,” said Travale, who was joined in the top 10 at Tavistock by fellow sophomore Clement Charmasson, who tied for seventh.

The Knights are glad to be back in the Sunshine State, as well. UCF played its first three events of the fall in Michigan, Connecticut and Nebraska, winning just one of them.

Tuesday’s victory wasn’t just the biggest win of the young season, it arguably was the most notable regular-season title in school history.

UCF was 19 shots better than Vanderbilt, 20 clear of Texas Tech, 22 ahead of eighth-ranked Arizona State and 27 lower than preseason No. 1 Texas.

“This was a big one for our guys,” said Wallor, whose team will close the fall next week at the AAC’s preview tournament at Innisbrook. “We’re a very young team. … I think when they came in here this week, they looked around and a few guys commented, ‘I never beat that guy in junior golf,’ and they have now, so they’re going to build some confidence from this. They know they can do it, and we’re just going to go out and get to work.”

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Mouse spent more than 15 years on patrol near inmates on work details for the Arkansas Department of Correction’s Tucker Unit, but on Saturday, she got to retire.

Mouse weighs about 1,025 pounds, stands 4-foot-7 at the withers and is one of 33 horses that the Department of Correction sold Saturday at the eighth annual Good Homes for Good Horses auction held at the Saline County Fairgrounds. The department breeds and raises its own horses to be strong, temperate mounts for inmates and officers to ride.

Saturday afternoon, a man in a white jumpsuit — one of the many inmates who care for the horses — trotted Mouse in an arena where more than 200 people were watching. For other horses, bids flew in faster than even professional auctioneer and former state Rep. Mark McElroy could count.

But for Mouse, only one person rose to his feet and signaled his bid — a little boy no older than 5.

“That’s what we like to see,” said Tom Green, horse program coordinator and emcee for the auction. “That’s what it’s all about.”

The horses, Green said, are mostly older animals who have served for years in some capacity for the department.

Some horses go out chasing escapees with the hounds, but most spend their days herding cattle, patrolling work units or working on one of the department’s many farms.

The Arkansas Department of Correction’s Agriculture Division’s work covers more than 20,000 acres across the state, spokesman Solomon Graves said. On those lands are crop fields, gardens, cows, pigs, chickens and, of course, horses.

The horses serve many purposes, livestock manager Jason Martin said, but one of their primary services is inmate rehabilitation.

Class 1B inmates — those who have proved that they are not flight risks or a danger to anyone around them — can sometimes work with the horses eight hours a day, Martin said. The bond that inmates form with the animals, he said, is extraordinary.

“If there are issues going on in your life, you have to drop them,” Martin said. “You have to make peace with yourself if you’re going to work on an animal that size.”

Derrick Witherspoon, who was released from prison about six months ago after serving a 17-year sentence, agreed.

“There’s nothing like the bond that you have with that animal,” said Witherspoon, whom correction administrators affectionately called “Spoons.”

“When you’re working with cows, you have to trust that that horse is going to protect you. You have to trust that it’s going to do what you say. It’s really incredible.”

Spoons, who was 17 when he was sentenced to 40 years in prison on a charge of capital murder, said his time working on the farm helped him turn his life around. He now works for a pipe production company and shoes horses on the side.

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“It’s had a tremendous effect on my life,” he said. “I’ve developed an affinity for them. I think it’s the calmness and peace you feel with them.”

One day, he said, he wants to buy his own horse again.

“There’s something about the outside of a horse that’s good for the inside of a man,” said Green, quoting Winston Churchill.

Wendy Kelley, director of the Arkansas Department of Correction, said working with the horses is therapeutic, but also helps the inmates learn responsibility and patience.

“It’s good, healthy, outdoor work,” Kelley said. “And the inmates really learn to care about the horses.”

Prison systems have used mounted officers for centuries, but Arkansas’ did not start breeding its own horses until the late 1980s, according to Earl Pepper.

Pepper, who started the breeding program around 1987, said it was difficult and expensive to find horses that were gentle but strong enough for hard work. So, Pepper suggested that the department begin breeding its own horses — and officials agreed.

Pepper stood near the arena Saturday afternoon as he mingled with the horses. All of this, Farm Administrator Davey Farabough said, was Pepper’s doing.

The auctions didn’t begin until 2011, when Green suggested to Mary Parker-Reed that instead of selling the horses at a local sale barn, the department should hold an annual auction.

The purpose of the auction, he said, is to ensure that each horse goes to a good home.

Green said Parker-Reed, Arkansas Board of Correction vice chairman, thought for a moment before saying, “You’re right. We should.”

“She did all the work,” Green said. “We’re very thankful for that.”

A few weeks after that conversation, the department held its inaugural auction. Since then, Green said, the event has grown to include horses from the Little Rock Police Department’s mounted division.

Double Deuce, a 20-year-old sorrel, is among the longest-serving horses in the Little Rock Police Department’s mounted division. Double Deuce served at 13 state fairs, 12 Riverfests, and at least 250 school and public demonstrations.

On Saturday, Double Deuce was loaded into a trailer headed for Texas, where he will spend his days in a therapeutic riding program.

“This is all about finding them a good home,” Farabough said. “They do a lot of good work, and they deserve that.”

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Brad Ford has spent a lot of his adult life giving back to youngsters trying to get into football. A 1992 graduate of Dadeville who then went on to play for the University of Alabama and the Detroit Lions, Ford has wanted to bring his football camps home to the Tigers for a few years now after witnessing a local child in need.

“Two years ago, I went to a peewee football game and saw a child with no cleats,” Ford said. “The other children were playing and picking at him. Then I saw him a couple months after that. I asked him if he was still playing football, and he told me he wasn’t playing anymore. He said he was just going to concentrate on basketball, but I knew the reason why.

“I said then if I could ever help a kid out who wants to play, I want to do that.”

Ford has been putting on youth football camps around the state and even in Georgia for years, but next weekend, he’ll be coming back to his alma mater. Dadeville will play host to the Brad Ford 11 Football Camp on June 8, and it’s open to any players ages 8 through 17.

Registration is $20, and the camps will last from 8:45 a.m. until noon. Pre-registration can be done before June 8 or kids can register from 8 to 8:45 a.m. at the Dadeville gym.

All proceeds will be donated to the Dadeville Dixie Youth League, and Ford said his goal is to have at least 60 to 100 kids.

Ford isn’t the only former professional football player who will be coaching players at next week’s camp.

Others who will be coaching are: Sherman Williams (Alabama, Dallas Cowboys); David Palmer (Alabama, Minnesota Vikings); Roosevelt Patterson (Alabama, CFL); Pierre Goode (Alabama); Brent Dearmon (Auburn); Lionel James (Auburn, San Diego Chargers); Mike Goggans (Auburn); Eltoro Freeman (Auburn); Rodney Crayton (Auburn); Kevin Moore (Alabama); Dameian Jeffries (Alabama, New Orleans Saints); Toderick Malone (Alabama, New Orleans Saints); as well as possibly a few others. Current Dadeville boys basketball coach Jesse Foster will also be coaching.

Ford said current Tide linebacker Anfernee Jennings should be in attendance but won’t be able to coach due to his limitations with the University of Alabama.

“A lot of the guys when I went to the University of Alabama, I met them and played with them,” Ford said. “I’ve also been to football camps with the guys from Auburn, and we just had a bond and became friends.”

Fundamentals will be a main focus during Ford’s camp.

“If we have enough kids, we’ll try to separate them by position and let the guys who played the game coach them with certain things they need to be coached on,” Ford said. “We don’t want to take anything away from their high school coaches or the little league coaches, but I know they can use some of the things we’ll teach them to do on their own when they’re not doing organized activities for their football teams.”

Speed, agility, footwork and hand placements will all be taught.

Although football is of course the main focus, Ford said he also wants to teach the kids about hard work and doing the right thing. At the end of the camp, three of the coaches will speak about their experiences with football, and Ford hopes he and the other former players can be role models both on and off the field.

“I try to be more than just a role model on the football field,” Ford said. “Football is just something you play. If I had to do it all over again, I wouldn’t change anything because everything I did, I learned from. But it was rough. If you wanna get to the next level, you have to put the work in. Just dream big, and I always tell the kids to trust God first, put your heart and mind into it and anything’s possible.”

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Welcome to the second season of Whitman, Alabama, the acclaimed video series created by journalist and filmmaker Jennifer Crandall.

The series — which bring to life one of America’s most iconic poems — is the product of the first artist-in-residency in an American newsroom, and has caught the attention of scholars, museums and documentary filmmaking organizations across the world. Earlier this month the series was named “Best Use of Online Video” in the North American Digital Media Awards, beating out two other finalists from the New York Times. The project, launched at the time of the presidential inauguration in 2017, attempts to bring Alabamians together with one another — and the rest of the world — through the words of Walt Whitman’s Song of Myself, first published in 1855.

The poem centers around one big idea, made even bigger in today’s polarized world: Everyone is an individual; everyone is connected; we all contain many selves,” … “For every atom belonging to me as good belongs to you.”

We invite you to explore this first installment, and to dive back into our archive at

When you live on an 8-acre family farm with more than two hundred animals like the Akins do, everybody has a job.

Fayth, the Akins’ oldest daughter, was 18 when we shot the video. Now she’s almost 21, in the Army, stationed at Fort Bragg, working as a human resource clerk.

In high school, Fayth had a packed schedule: school, ROTC, soccer practice, homework, then taking care of the animals. And she had to get her jobs at home done before she could go out on the weekends, too. At one point, she told her parents, Bill and Susan Akins, she was done.

“I quit on them,” Fayth says. “I went two or three weeks not taking care of the animals.”

Her parents said okay. Fayth could give up her farm duties, but she also had to give up driving — that was the deal.

A few weeks went by, and Fayth came back to her parents. “Okay I messed up,” she told them. “Y’all are teaching us.”

At that time, maybe it had to do with getting driving privileges back, but now, she sees the value in the hard work on the farm.

“It was a really great experience that I had,” Fayth says. “It taught you responsibility.”

Fayth’s younger brother Nick, now 19, also has joined the Army. He left for basic training in Fort Jackson, SC, this past June. All his work, growing up on the farm, turned out to benefit him, too.

“My dad and I were unloading three tons of feed every month,” he says.

Fayth confirms this. “He really was! Every time we would get feed, he would take the barrel out of the truck and put two 50-pound bags on each shoulder.”

And basic training compared to that?

“I thought it was easy,” Nick says.

Now he’s in advanced individual training in Ft. Lee, Virginia, training to be a wheeled vehicle mechanic.

Amber, 13, has taken up many of the chores since Fayth and Nick have left. She takes care of the chickens (more than 200). She takes care of the rabbits. She collects eggs, resulting in her least favorite task.

“Washing the eggs,” Amber says. “It’s boring.”

“And sometimes they’re covered in chicken poop,” Fayth adds.

Many 13-year-olds (and adults) might not be too thrilled with this task. But it has its upsides. Amber’s not easily grossed out.

“I dissected a bullfrog last year,” she says. “I dissected three frogs and a cat.”

And she knows what she wants to be when she grows up.

“Forensic coroner!” she says. “Because I get to find out how the person died and it seems fun.”

Cassie is 17. She used to be non-verbal and has been diagnosed as being on the autism spectrum. We were really taken by her reading for this project.

“Cassie’s got a lot going on,” says her mother Susan. “She finally got where she was talking. She’s a really special American kind of girl.”

Her job is to fill up the water containers. With 5 cows, 2 donkeys, 3 rabbits, 200 odd chickens, 3 dogs, 2 cats, and 2 fish tanks, that’s no small feat.

“I like to fill [the containers] up,” Cassie says. “My favorite animal is the rabbits.”

Life on the farm does have its hazards as we learned that day of filming.

Fayth says that Cassie was walking one day through the pasture, with her head down, and she ran right into an electric fence, the wire zapping her on her forehead. Her brothers and sisters were trying to keep her from crying, and they ran to get her a popsicle.

“She had a line across her forehead for a good while,” Fayth says.

While we were filming we had the electric fence turned off to film safely but, later on in the day, the electricity had been turned back on. I forgot. I can now tell you what 5000-7000 volts feels like running through your body. Fun times. Also, a cow head-butted me. Possibly on purpose.

Either way, it was a good day. Fayth, Nick, Amber and Cassie shared so much for us.

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The province is now distributing new categories of legal non-medical cannabis products. This begins the second phase of available products since legalization began in October 2018.

The Liquor Distribution Branch (LDB) received its first shipments of products under the new categories on December 18, 2019, and has made them available to private and public retailers throughout the province, including the BC Cannabis Store at 115-7035 Barnet Street in Powell River, via its wholesale customer portal, according to an LDB media release. Consumers can expect to see these products on legal retail store shelves in late December, in accordance with LDB’s shipping schedules.

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The LDB, the sole wholesale distributor of non-medical cannabis in BC, has registered more than 260 individual products within the new categories of edibles, extracts and topicals to make up its initial wholesale product assortment, according to the release. However, only a small number are expected to be available for retail sale within the first few months of 2020. Availability of products is dependent upon a number of factors, including the ability of manufacturers to meet demand from other markets across Canada.

“The addition of edibles, extracts and topicals represents the provincial government’s commitment to providing safe, regulated non-medical cannabis products to BC consumers,” stated LDB general manager and chief executive officer Blain Lawson. “A lot of work has gone into procuring these products and we look forward to working with our suppliers as they continue to introduce new products to market.”

New products registered within the initial release include:

· beverages, such as carbonated and non-carbonated drinks, tea bags, oils and powders

· products intended to be eaten, such as chocolate, cookies, soft chews and mints

· vaporizers and cartridges

· other extracts, such as shatter and hashish

· topicals, defined as cannabis-infused products intended to be applied to the hair, skin or nails

Oils and capsules, which were included in products legalized on October 17, 2018, are now reclassified as extracts.

Products in these newly legalized categories will have the same plain, Health Canada-approved packaging and labelling requirements in place for existing cannabis products on the adult-use market. They must be contained in a child-proof package that bears the cannabis symbol, health warnings related to consumption, and THC and CBD contents of the product.

The media release states the LDB will continue to expand its variety of wholesale products as licensed producers make new products available and Health Canada licenses new producers. The branch is working with more than 40 licensed producers to form its entire wholesale product assortment.

The provincial government recently passed legislation increasing the provincial sales tax (PST) on vapour products from seven per cent to 20 per cent beginning January1, 2020. The new tax rate will be applied at the point of retail sale to all vaping devices and substances used with the vaping device, as well as to any vaping part or accessory.

Buying legally from licensed, private non-medical cannabis retail outlets and government-run BC Cannabis Stores is the only way to ensure a product is regulated by Health Canada, according to the LDB.

Dry herb vaporizers (vaporizers used with dry cannabis) will remain subject to the seven per cent PST rate.